Reading is the module in which your comprehensive ability to understand English language is assessed. There are three passages based on which you are expected to answer different types of questions
APPROACHES TO EFFICIENT READING
- It is very important that if we try to increase the speed of reading purposefully, our confidence will be affected negatively. The solution is to improve reading pace (speed) as a part of our daily reading practice.
- When we face certain difficulties to grasp the meaning, we must reduce the reading speed.
- If you find difficult to understand the unfamiliar terminology, suggested approach is to understand those words for that context (situation). Otherwise continue reading and return to those word later.
- If the sentence and paragraph structure is difficult, you should slow down reading. So, the context of the passage can be understood.
- If any unfamiliar or abstract concepts are there, you should look for its applications or examples.
- If technical details are the difficulty, read patiently and slowly.
- If you want to remember the material for longer duration, read the material thoroughly and with better effort.
- If new ideas are there in the text, spend less time for familiar ideas and more time for unfamiliar ones.
- If unnecessary examples and explanations there, try to skip them
TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE READING
- Practice silent reading than oral loud reading
- To understand information, skim and scan at faster rate and then have focused (intensive) reading.
- Practice qualitative reading than quantitative. Besides, develop a positive attitude towards reading.
- Underline keywords and concepts for further reference.
- Visualize the reading passages while reading. So, better understanding takes place.
- Make reading as a habit every day.
TIPS FOR IDENTIFYING THE CENTRAL IDEA
We must use different approaches and methods to understand the central idea of the passage.
- Relaxed reading approach should be avoided. We must read carefully and understand the author’s purpose.
- We must understand the structure of the passage.
If the passage is longer, it is divided into paragraphs. Every paragraph has a beginning sentence which tells about main idea. It gives the overall idea or clues about it. The introductory sentence is followed by developers. Developers are the sentences that explain, compare, argue or detail the idea given in the beginning. The last sentence is called as terminator. It summarises or concludes the idea of the passage.
- Beginning and the end of the passage should be read carefully. This careful reading gives overall idea of the passage.
- Careful reading of each paragraph. As every paragraph has a terminator which summarises the main idea of the passage helps us to get a clear view of the content of that paragraph
- Predicting the view of the writer. This helps us to understand the passage effectively.