Pie Chart Vocabularies
These are some phrases to denote fractions:
A large number of people
|55% – more than half|
|Over a quarter of people||50% – half|
|A small minority||45% – more than two fifths|
|A significant number of people||40% – two-fifths|
|Less than a fifth||35% – more than a third|
|Percentage fractions||30% – less than a third|
|80% – four-fifths||25% – a quarter|
|75% – three-quarters||20% – a fifth|
|70% – seven in ten||15% – less than a fifth|
|65% – two-thirds||10% – one in ten|
|60% – three-fifths||5% – one in twenty|
If the percentages are not exact as above, then you can use qualifiers such as:
|· 77% – just over three quarters||· Percentage proportion / number / amount / majority / number / minority|
|· 77% – approximately three quarters||· 75% – 85% – a very large majority|
|· 49% – just under the half||· 65% – 75% – a significant proportion|
|· 49% – nearly a half||· 10% – 15% – a minority / small fraction|
|· 32% – almost a third||· 5% – a very small number|
The words above are interchangeable, though number is for countable nouns and amount is for uncountable nouns.
Here are three useful techniques for describing percentages:
- English speakers usually put the percentage at the start of the sentence.
- Use while, whereas or compared to (after a comma) to add a comparison.
- Use “the figure for” to add another comparison in the next sentence.
The pie chart above depicts energy generation by fuel type in France in the year 2005.
- Accounted for, constitute, comprise, made up
- Per cent, percentage, %
- Considering, regarding, in terms of
- Respectively, collectively
- Fraction, segment, portion, part
- Large, significant, major
- Small, negligible
Example of Sentences
- Energy produced by gas accounted for 26% of total energy in the France
- In 2005, coal and nuclear power comprised 58 percentage of energy production in the France, collectively.
- In 2005, coal and nuclear power constituted 26% and 32% of energy respectively.